Bank Verification Number (BVN) | What is BVN?

Last Updated on Mar 23rd, 2024

The Bank Verification Number (BVN) is a special code that everyone who has a bank account in Nigeria gets. It’s like a secret number that helps keep your money safe.

The Central Bank of Nigeria started this in 2014. This special number, which has 11 digits, is like a magical key that only you have. It makes sure that nobody else can pretend to be you and take your money.

You might be curious about why BVN is crucial. It helps keep your money safe by letting banks communicate securely.

This ensures that your savings are protected. Also, it’s very important because it makes going to the bank quicker and easier, so you don’t have to wait a long time.

Now, let’s dive into more details!

What is BVN?

The Bank Verification Number (BVN) is a unique identification number. It is assigned to each bank customer in Nigeria. It was created to ensure safe and quick banking.

It’s an 11-digit number that acts as a universal identifier across all financial institutions within the country. The Central Bank of Nigeria introduced this system to enhance banking security. It makes it harder for fraud and simplifies banking services.


How BVN Works in Nigeria

Nigeria’s Bank Verification Number (BVN) system gives each bank customer a unique ID. It ensures secure and fast banking.

You get a BVN by visiting any bank. You fill out an enrolment form and submit it. You also present yourself for biometric data capturing. This includes capturing fingerprints and a facial image.

Upon submission, the system issues an acknowledgment slip containing a transaction ID. Within 24 hours, the system checks the application and makes the BVN. Then, it tells the customer via SMS to pick it up.

Importance of BVN

Your BVN is important for the following reasons:

1. BVN reduces the risk of fraud in the banking sector

Each bank customer’s identity is linked to a unique number. All banks verify the number. This makes it much harder for fraud to occur.

This system helps detect and prevent identity theft. The biometric details linked to a BVN are nearly impossible to forge.

2. It enhances security

The BVN’s biometric identification process is linked with it. It makes banking more secure. Traditional security measures like passwords and PINs can be compromised.

But, biometric traits like fingerprints and facial recognition offer better security. They make banking transactions more secure.

3. It promotes transparency in banking operations

The BVN system promotes transparency within the banking system. It makes tracking transactions and accounts easier. This helps regulators monitor and stop illegal banking.

4. It improves customer experience

With the BVN, customers enjoy a more streamlined banking experience. Customers no longer need to provide many IDs when dealing with different banks.

The BVN serves as a universal ID across all banks in Nigeria.

5. The BVN system supports the drive for financial inclusion

This is possible by ensuring that banking services are accessible to all segments of the society securely. It makes it easier for people to open new bank accounts.

This encourages more people to join the formal banking system.

6. The BVN aids banks in complying with local and international banking regulations

This is mainly about Anti-Money Laundering (AML) and Know Your Customer (KYC) requirements. This compliance helps build trust with international financial institutions. It also improves the global reputation of Nigeria’s banking sector.

7. Ease of banking services

The BVN made banking better. It led to new services, like digital banking. It gives a reliable way to identify customers for online and mobile banking. This improves convenience for users.

How To Register For Your BVN

To register for your BVN, follow these steps:

Step 1: Visit a Bank Branch or Authorized Registration Center

The first step is to visit your bank branch or an authorized BVN registration center. These centers have the necessary technology for the registration process.

Step 2: Provide a Valid Means of Identification

When you arrive, you’ll need to present a valid official identification document. You can use your National ID Card, Driver’s License, Voter’s Card, or International Passport as your ID.

It’s crucial that the ID is current and clearly shows your full name, date of birth, and a clear photograph​​.

Step 3: Biometric Data Capture

You will register by giving your biometric data. This data includes fingerprints and a facial photo. This step is essential for creating your unique identity within the banking system​​.

Step 4: Acknowledgement Slip

Once they capture your biometrics, you will be given an acknowledgment slip. This slip confirms that we captured your biometric data.

Step 5: Receiving Your BVN

Within 24 hours of the submission, your unique 11-digit BVN will be mad and sent to the phone number you gave when you registered, via SMS.


Here are 5 ways to link your BVN to your bank account:

1. Visit Your Bank Branch:

You can visit any branch of your bank and request to link your BVN to your account. You will likely need to fill out a BVN linkage form, provide your BVN and needed ID, and then submit the form to the officer.

2. ATM:

Some banks offer the option to link your BVN via their ATMs. Insert your debit card, enter your PIN, and look for the BVN linkage option in the menu. Follow the instructions to input your BVN.

3. Bank’s Mobile App:

If your bank’s mobile app has the functionality, you can link your BVN directly through the app. Look for the BVN update or linkage option within the app, enter your BVN, and follow the instructions to complete the process.

4. USSD Code:

Some banks provide a USSD code service for BVN linkage. You would dial a specific code and follow the prompts to enter your BVN and link it to your account.

The exact code and process depend on your bank, so check with your bank for the correct USSD code.

Bank’s Website or BVN Portal:

Some banks may offer a dedicated portal on their website for BVN linkage. You would need to visit the website, find the BVN linkage portal, enter your account details and BVN, and submit the form.


How do I get a BVN account?

To get a BVN account, visit any bank branch in Nigeria with a valid ID (passport, driver’s license, voter’s card, or national ID). Complete an enrollment form, submit it, and have your biometric data captured.

How do I check my BVN number?

You can check your BVN number by dialing *565*0# from the phone number you used for registration. Your phone will display your BVN on its screen. Charges apply. You can check out our full guide on how to check BVN.

How do I access my BVN account?

Your BVN doesn’t provide access to a separate account. Instead, it links all your bank accounts under one identity. To access your BVN through your linked accounts, use your bank’s internet banking, or mobile app, or visit a branch.


The BVN system is a cornerstone of modern banking in Nigeria. It is a big step toward making banking and finance more honest and reliable. It provides a secure and fast way to identify and verify customers.

It supports the country’s push for a fairer, safer, and better financial system. The system will keep evolving.

It will further strengthen the foundation for digital finance in Nigeria. This will enable more innovation and access in banking.

Top Stories

We’ve all been there – needing to share your
How to Check Your MTN Number in 2024


Compare and get QUICK loans from different lenders?

Get access to up to N10,000,000 (Ten Million
Naira) loan on the spot!

No Subscriptions.
No annual fees. No lock-ins.

Related Posts

Apr 12th, 2024

We’ve all been there – needing to share your number but it’s

Apr 8th, 2024

When someone applies for a loan, it usually involves a lot of

Apr 8th, 2024

Imagine this: your car stops working, or a surprise medical bill lands